Mechanical sand control methods
This article describes mechanical sand control methods and covers the following topics:
·Gravel packing techniques i.e. Internal Gravel Packing (IGP) and External Gravel Packing (EGP), and the various gravel packing systems presently available.
·Post-gravel pack operations and remedial treatments with special emphasis on through tubing techniques.
·Other mechanical sand control methods i.e. non-gravel packed screens and external casing packers.
·Special sand control applications including horizontal wells, fracpacking, and the Auger system.
Two main objectives were pursued when preparing this chapter: